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30 October 2006 @ 05:20 pm
dictionary  


memory

Etymology: Middle English memorie, from Anglo-French memoire, memorie, from Latin memoria, from memor mindful; akin to Old English gemimor well-known, Greek mermEra care, Sanskrit smarati he remembers

1 a : the power or process of reproducing or recalling what has been learned and retained especially through associative mechanisms b : the store of things learned and retained from an organism's activity or experience as evidenced by modification of structure or behavior or by recall and recognition

2 a : commemorative remembrance (erected a statue in memory of the hero) b : the fact or condition of being remembered (days of recent memory)

3 a : a particular act of recall or recollection b : an image or impression of one that is remembered (fond memories of her youth) c : the time within which past events can be or are remembered (within the memory of living men)

4 a : a device (as a chip) or a component of a device in which information especially for a computer can be inserted and stored and from which it may be extracted when wanted; especially : RAM b : capacity for storing information

5 : a capacity for showing effects as the result of past treatment or for returning to a former condition -- used especially of a material (as metal or plastic)

synonyms MEMORY, REMEMBRANCE, RECOLLECTION, REMINISCENCE mean the capacity for or the act of remembering, or the thing remembered. MEMORY applies both to the power of remembering and to what is remembered (gifted with a remarkable memory) (that incident was now just a distant memory). REMEMBRANCE applies to the act of remembering or the fact of being remembered (any remembrance of his deceased wife was painful). RECOLLECTION adds an implication of consciously bringing back to mind often with some effort. REMINISCENCE suggests the recalling of usually pleasant incidents, experiences, or feelings from a remote past (my grandmother's reminiscences of her Iowa girlhood.)


copy

synonyms COPY, IMITATE, MIMIC, APE, MOCK mean to make something so that it resembles an existing thing. COPY suggests duplicating an original as nearly as possible (copied the painting and sold the fake as an original). IMITATE suggests following a model or a pattern but may allow for some variation (imitate a poet's style). MIMIC implies a close copying (as of voice or mannerism) often for fun, ridicule, or lifelike imitation . APE may suggest presumptuous, slavish, or inept imitating of a superior original. MOCK usually implies imitation with derision.

replica

Etymology: Italian, repetition, from replicare to repeat, from Late Latin, from Latin, to fold back -- more at REPLY
1 : an exact reproduction (as of a painting) executed by the original artist (a replica of this was painted...this year -- Constance Strachey)
2 : a copy exact in all details (DNA makes a replica of itself) (sailed a replica of the Viking ship); broadly

synonym see REPRODUCTION

1 : the act or process of reproducing; specifically : the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring and which fundamentally consists of the segregation of a portion of the parental body by a sexual or an asexual process and its subsequent growth and differentiation into a new individual
2 : something reproduced : COPY
3 : young seedling trees in a forest


memorial

1 : something that keeps remembrance alive: as a : MONUMENT b : something (as a speech or ceremony) that commemorates c : KEEPSAKE, MEMENTO
2 a : RECORD, MEMOIR (language and literature...the memorials of another age -- J. H. Fisher) b : MEMORANDUM, NOTE; specifically : a legal abstract c : a statement of facts addressed to a government and often accompanied by a petition or remonstrance

1 : serving to preserve remembrance : COMMEMORATIVE
2 : of or relating to memory
 
 
 
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